今日药学

2018, v.28(04) 276-279

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品管圈在降低医院Ⅰ类切口手术抗菌药物预防使用率中的应用
Application about Quality Control Circle to Reduce the Rate of Antimicrobial Prophylaxis in Aseptic Operation in Hospital

刘春霞;戴素娟;周永恒;彭南星;邓丽华;吴巧利;林玲;沈渠深;邹海娟;
LIU Chunxia;DAI Sujuan;ZHOU Yongheng;PENG Nanxing;DENG Lihua;WU Qiaoli;LIN Ling;SHEN Qushen;ZOU Haijuan;Zengcheng District People's Hospital of Guangzhou;Sun YatSen Memorial Hospital,Sun Yat-Sun University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的开展品管圈活动降低患者Ⅰ类切口手术抗菌药物预防使用率。方法成立品管圈,根据品管圈的十大活动步骤进行活动,比较活动前后某院Ⅰ类切口手术抗菌药物预防使用率的变化情况。结果在实施品管圈活动后,患者Ⅰ类切口手术抗菌药物预防使用率由39.1%下降到30.6%,同时圈员的品管手法、自信心、专业知识及责任感等无形成果均得到提高。结论品管圈活动促进Ⅰ类切口手术围术期抗菌药物的合理应用,值得推广。
OBJECTIVE To reduce the rate of antimicrobial prophylaxis in aseptic operation in hospital by quality control circle.METHODS The quality control circle was established and acted according to the ten major activities of the quality control circle.The rate of antimicrobial prophylaxis in aseptic operation before and after quality control circle was compared. RESULTS The rate of antimicrobial prophylaxis in aseptic operation was reduced from 39. 1% to 30. 6%. Meanwhile the members' ability of using quality management tools was significantly improved,as well as the confidence,expertise,sense of responsibility,honour and other aspects of the team. CONCLUSION The quality control circle is worth promoting for its improvement of antimicrobial rational use in aseptic operation.

关键词(KeyWords): 品管圈;PDCA循环;Ⅰ类切口手术;抗菌药物预防用药
quality control circle;PDCA cycle;aseptic operation;antimicrobial prophylaxis

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作者(Author): 刘春霞;戴素娟;周永恒;彭南星;邓丽华;吴巧利;林玲;沈渠深;邹海娟;
LIU Chunxia;DAI Sujuan;ZHOU Yongheng;PENG Nanxing;DENG Lihua;WU Qiaoli;LIN Ling;SHEN Qushen;ZOU Haijuan;Zengcheng District People's Hospital of Guangzhou;Sun YatSen Memorial Hospital,Sun Yat-Sun University;

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