今日药学

2014, v.24(01) 53-55

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某三甲医院2万张儿科门诊处方分析
Analysis of 20 000 Prescriptions in Outpatient Department of Pediatrics

张有金;王若伦;
ZHANG You-jin;WANG Ruo-lun;Department of Pharmacy,The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的了解儿科门诊处方用药情况,促进儿科合理用药。方法利用逸曜系统提取某院门诊儿科2012-10-01~2012-12-31的所有处方,从处方金额、抗菌药物使用和注射剂使用的处方数等进行统计分析,对不规范处方和不合理用药情况进行点评。结果某院2012年第4季度儿科门诊处方共计22 116张,平均每张处方金额为83.58元,抗菌药物使用率为51.66%,注射剂使用率为13.68%。结论儿科门诊用药存在不合理现象,主要表现为抗菌药物使用率偏高,重复用药等。应加强儿科合理用药的规范管理,促进儿科合理用药。
Objective To understand the drug application situation of outpatient department of pediatrics,so as to promote the rational application of drugs in pediatrics. Methods All pediatric outpatient prescriptions from October 1,2012 to December 31st were extracted by the Yiyao system. The prescription,antibiotics and injections prescription number etc were statistically analyzed. The non-standard prescription and irrational drug application were analyzed. Results There were 22 116 pieces of prescriptions in outpatient department of pediatrics in the fourth quarter of 2012,the average cost of the prescriptions was 83. 58 yuan,the usage rate of antimicrobial agents was 51. 66%,injection rate was 13. 68%. Conclusion Medication of outpatient department of pediatrics exists some unreasonable situation: the high application rate of antibacterial drugs,repeated drug usage and so on. Therefore,the standardize management of rational drug application in the outpatient department of pediatrics should be strengthened,so as to promote the rational application of drugs.

关键词(KeyWords): 儿科;门诊处方;统计分析;合理用药
pediatric;outpatient prescription;statistical analysis;rational application of drugs

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作者(Author): 张有金;王若伦;
ZHANG You-jin;WANG Ruo-lun;Department of Pharmacy,The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University;

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