今日药学

2007, (02) 37-38

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菝葜、土茯苓和土萆薢的薄层色谱鉴别
The TLC Identification of Smilax china L.,Smilax glabra Roxb. and Heterosmilax japonica Kunth

王涛;王燕青;徐长江;李书渊;
WANG Tao,WANG Yan-qing,XU Chang-jiang,LI Shu-yuan(Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Guangdong College of Pharmace,510006)

摘要(Abstract):

目的建立一种方法对药材性状相似的三种药材菝葜、土茯苓和土萆薢进行定性鉴别。方法应用TLC对菝葜、土茯苓和土萆薢水解前后的化学成分进行分析比较。结果实验表明菝葜、土茯苓和土萆薢均含有β-谷甾醇。菝葜含有薯蓣皂苷元,可能含有菝葜皂苷元;土茯苓和土萆薢不含薯蓣皂苷元或量微,可能含有菝葜皂苷元。结论三者既含有相同的化学成分,又有不同的化学成分,可以区别。
Objective To establish a method for identification of Smilax china L.,Smilax glabra Roxb.and Heterosmilax japonica Kunth.Methods The chemical constituents before and after hydrolysis of these three Herbs were comparatively analyzed.Results The three Herbs all contain β-sitosterol;Smilax china L.contains diosgenin and may contain sarsasapogenin;Smilax glabra Roxb.and Heterosmilax japonica Kunth.does not contain diosgenin or contains a little,may contain sarsasapogenin.Conclusion The three Herbs can be identified by their different chemical constituents.

关键词(KeyWords): 菝葜;土茯苓;土萆薢;薄层色谱
Smilax china;Smilax glabra;Heterosmilax japonica;TLC

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作者(Authors): 王涛;王燕青;徐长江;李书渊;
WANG Tao,WANG Yan-qing,XU Chang-jiang,LI Shu-yuan(Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Guangdong College of Pharmace,510006)

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