今日药学

2021, v.31(01) 1-8

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构建外科药师的知识体系——外科药学(Surgical Pharmacy)
Surgical Pharmacy: Knowledge Construction for Surgical Pharmacists

伍俊妍;张梅;王若伦;魏理;黎小妍;曾英彤;陈吉生;季波;吴红卫;王景浩;王勇;郑志华;
WU Junyan;ZHANG Mei;WANG Ruolun;WEI Li;LI Xiaoyan;ZENG Yingtong;CHEN Jisheng;JI Bo;WU Hongwei;WANG Jinghao;WANG Yong;ZHENG Zhihua;Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital,Sun Yat-Sen University;Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University;The First Affiliate Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University;The Sixth Affiliated Hospital,Sun Yat-Sen University;Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital (Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences);The First Affiliated Hospital/School of Clinical Medicine of Guan

摘要(Abstract):

围手术期用药的管理已成为临床药师重要的日常工作,目前已有部分医院设立外科药师。随着外科药师队伍的逐步壮大,如何针对围手术期用药特点,规范外科药师培训成为当务之急。然而,当前尚未形成一套系统的、完整的知识体系。外科围手术期由于其独特的特点,药学所面对的问题不同于其它疾病治疗,在知识体系方面足以构建为学科,我们称之为"外科药学(surgical pharmacy)"。本文创新性提出外科药学概念,通过搭建围手术期生理病理特征、外科药师的工作模式和流程、围手术期药物治疗、围手术期的药物管理等四个方面的知识版块,其中围手术期药物治疗包括抗感染、抗血栓、镇痛、营养、血糖、血压、液体管理、糖皮质激素的应用、术后恶心呕吐、特殊人群用药等,构建外科药师的知识体系——外科药学,为外科药师培训及工作规范化、专业化开展提供支撑。
The management of perioperative medication has become an important daily work for clinical pharmacists. At present,some hospitals have established the position of surgical pharmacist. As the number of surgical pharmacists increasing,the training of surgical pharmacists according to the characteristics of perioperative medication will become top priority. However,the body of knowledge for surgical pharmacists has not yet been established. During the perioperative period,due to its unique characteristics,the problems presented in pharmacy are different from the treatment of other diseases. In terms of knowledge system,it is enough to be constructed as a subject,which is called surgical pharmacy. In this paper,the concept of surgical pharmacy is put forward creatively. And the body of knowledge for surgical pharmacists,namely surgical pharmacy,is constructed from four aspects: perioperative pathophysiology,work pattern and work flow for surgical pharmacists,perioperative medication therapy,including anti-infection,anti-thrombosis,analgesia,nutrition,blood glucose,blood pressure and liquid management,the use of glucocorticoids,postoperative nausea and vomiting,and medication in special populations, and perioperative drug management,for the training of surgical pharmacists as well as the standardization and specialization of their work.

关键词(KeyWords): 外科药师;外科药学;围手术期;知识体系
surgical pharmacist;surgical pharmacy;perioperative period;body of knowledge

Abstract:

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作者(Author): 伍俊妍;张梅;王若伦;魏理;黎小妍;曾英彤;陈吉生;季波;吴红卫;王景浩;王勇;郑志华;
WU Junyan;ZHANG Mei;WANG Ruolun;WEI Li;LI Xiaoyan;ZENG Yingtong;CHEN Jisheng;JI Bo;WU Hongwei;WANG Jinghao;WANG Yong;ZHENG Zhihua;Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital,Sun Yat-Sen University;Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University;The First Affiliate Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University;The Sixth Affiliated Hospital,Sun Yat-Sen University;Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital (Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences);The First Affiliated Hospital/School of Clinical Medicine of Guan

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